Modern research has gathered evidence that the prophetic reference on the black cumin seed's ability to cure every disease is not an exaggeration. Consistent use of the black seed was found to significantly enhance the body's immune mechanism. The healing properties of the black seed are attributed to the more than one hundred chemical components isolated from it.

Chemical Composition of Black Cumin Seed

Listed below are some of the important components isolated from the black seeds.

  • Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs): Black Cumin Seeds are rich source of Essential fatty acids (Linoleic acid and Linolenic acid). EFAs are omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids which cannot be synthesized in the body. They are important constituents for the generation of immune cells and for the growth and maintenance of the nervous system.
  • Essential Amino Acids (EAAs): Amino Acids are building blocks of proteins. Black Cumin Seeds contain 15 amino acids, 8 of which are Essential Amino Acids that cannot be synthesized in the body.
  • Nigellone: This is a potent anti-histamine, which is responsible for the anti-allergic and anti-asthmatic properties of Black Cumin (Nigella).
  • Sterols: The seed is rich in sterols especially beta-sitosterol, which has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.
  • Thymoquinone and other Volatile Oils: Thymoquinone is the potent anti-cancer agent found in black seed, which was demonstrated to significantly inhibit the growth of pancreatic cancer cells, one of the most invasive cancers of man. It does this by augmenting the process of apoptosis or programmed cell death. Other volatile oils include p-cymene, limonene and carvone. All these have potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Immunomodulators: These are substances that rectify imbalances in the immune system thereby preventing the occurrence of auto-immune diseases.
  • Vitamins: Contains many of the water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, especially carotene, the precursor of vitamin A, which is a potent anti-oxidant.
  • Minerals: Black Cumin is a rich source of minerals like sodium, potassium, iron and calcium, which play a number of roles in maintaining the health and vitality.
  • Monosaccharides: Good source of monosaccharides like glucose, rhamnose, xylose and arabinose.
  • Polysaccharides: Contains non-starch polysaccharides, which are good source of dietary fiber a component with proven role in the prevention of colonic cancer.